Linguistic and Attitudinal Factors in Normal-Hearing Bilingual Listeners' Perception of Degraded English Passages Purpose Linguistic variables alone cannot fully account for bilingual listeners' perception of English-running speech. In the present study, the authors investigated how linguistic and attitudinal factors, in combination, affect bilingual processing of temporally degraded English passages in quiet and in noise. Method Thirty-six bilinguals with various linguistic and ... Research Article
Research Article  |   December 01, 2012
Linguistic and Attitudinal Factors in Normal-Hearing Bilingual Listeners' Perception of Degraded English Passages
 
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Lu-Feng Shi
    Long Island University—Brooklyn Campus
  • Nadia Farooq
    Long Island University—Brooklyn Campus
  • Correspondence to Lu-Feng Shi: lu.shi@liu.edu
  • Editor: Sheila Pratt
    Editor: Sheila Pratt×
  • Associate Editor: Brad Rakerd
    Associate Editor: Brad Rakerd×
Article Information
Hearing & Speech Perception / Cultural & Linguistic Diversity / Research Articles
Research Article   |   December 01, 2012
Linguistic and Attitudinal Factors in Normal-Hearing Bilingual Listeners' Perception of Degraded English Passages
American Journal of Audiology, December 2012, Vol. 21, 127-139. doi:10.1044/1059-0889(2012/11-0022)
History: Received July 5, 2011 , Accepted April 5, 2012
 
American Journal of Audiology, December 2012, Vol. 21, 127-139. doi:10.1044/1059-0889(2012/11-0022)
History: Received July 5, 2011; Accepted April 5, 2012
Web of Science® Times Cited: 1

Purpose Linguistic variables alone cannot fully account for bilingual listeners' perception of English-running speech. In the present study, the authors investigated how linguistic and attitudinal factors, in combination, affect bilingual processing of temporally degraded English passages in quiet and in noise.

Method Thirty-six bilinguals with various linguistic and attitudinal characteristics participated in the study. Bilingual individuals completed questionnaires that assessed their language background, willingness to communicate (WTC), and self-perceived communication competency (SPCC) in English. Participants listened to English passage pairs from the Connected Speech Test, presented at 45 dB HL at 3 rates (unprocessed, expanded, compressed), in quiet and in noise.

Results Language proficiency measures were the most significant linguistic variables, accounting for the largest amount of variance in performance across most conditions. Both WTC and SPCC were associated with performance and contributed to regression models. Subscales assessing listeners' WTC and SPCC in a group were more predictive of performance than communication in an interpersonal or public setting. Performance in noise was more difficult to predict than in quiet. Performance with compression was more difficult to predict than with expansion.

Conclusion To fully understand bilingual clients' perception of English speech, hearing professionals should consider their attitudinal characteristics in addition to language background.

Acknowledgments
Portions of this work were presented at the 2010 American Speech-Language-Hearing Association Convention in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. We thank all the participants who volunteered their time for this study.
Order a Subscription
Pay Per View
Entire American Journal of Audiology content & archive
24-hour access
This Article
24-hour access