Perceived Hearing Status and Attitudes Toward Noise in Young Adults Purpose To estimate the prevalence of perceived hearing loss, tinnitus, and temporary threshold shift (TTS) in community college students and to see whether those students' attitudes toward noise affected their perception of their own possible hearing loss, tinnitus, and TTS. Method Young adults (N = 245; age 18–27) ... Supplement Article
Supplement Article  |   December 01, 2007
Perceived Hearing Status and Attitudes Toward Noise in Young Adults
 
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Alice E. Holmes
    University of Florida, Gainesville
  • Stephen E. Widén
    University West, Trollhättan, Sweden
  • Soly Erlandsson
    University West, Trollhättan, Sweden
  • Courtney L. Carver
    The Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore
  • Lori L. White
    University of Florida, Gainesville
  • Contact author: Alice E. Holmes, P.O. Box 100174, Gainesville, FL 32610. E-mail: aholmes@phhp.ufl.edu.
Article Information
Hearing & Speech Perception / Acoustics / Hearing Disorders / Supplement: Noise-Induced Hearing Loss Prevention in Children
Supplement Article   |   December 01, 2007
Perceived Hearing Status and Attitudes Toward Noise in Young Adults
American Journal of Audiology, December 2007, Vol. 16, S182-S189. doi:10.1044/1059-0889(2007/022)
History: Received October 31, 2006 , Revised March 6, 2007 , Accepted September 3, 2007
 
American Journal of Audiology, December 2007, Vol. 16, S182-S189. doi:10.1044/1059-0889(2007/022)
History: Received October 31, 2006; Revised March 6, 2007; Accepted September 3, 2007

Purpose To estimate the prevalence of perceived hearing loss, tinnitus, and temporary threshold shift (TTS) in community college students and to see whether those students' attitudes toward noise affected their perception of their own possible hearing loss, tinnitus, and TTS.

Method Young adults (N = 245; age 18–27) completed 3 questionnaires: the Hearing Symptom Description, Youth Attitude to Noise Scale, and Adolescents' Habits and Hearing Protection Use.

Results Perceived TTS and pain associated with loud noise were the most common hearing related factors, followed by perceived tinnitus and hearing loss. The students' attitudes toward noise in their daily environment showed the most negative response, whereas attitudes toward noise and concentration indicated a more positive, or less harmful, response. Chi-square analysis indicated a significant correlation between perceived hearing loss and respondents' overall attitudes toward noise exposure. Hearing protection use was limited for all participants, with the majority reporting never having used hearing protection.

Conclusion Approximately 6% of respondents reported perceived hearing loss, and 13.5% reported prolonged tinnitus. In general, participants had neutral attitudes toward noise. Over 20% of participants reported ear pain, tinnitus, and/or TTS after noise exposure at least sometimes. Coincidentally, few participants reported consistent use of hearing protection.

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