Word Recognition Materials for Native Speakers of Taiwan Mandarin Purpose To select, digitally record, evaluate, and psychometrically equate word recognition materials that can be used to measure the speech perception abilities of native speakers of Taiwan Mandarin in quiet. Method Frequently used bisyllabic words produced by male and female talkers of Taiwan Mandarin were digitally recorded and ... Research Article
Research Article  |   June 01, 2008
Word Recognition Materials for Native Speakers of Taiwan Mandarin
 
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Shawn L. Nissen
    Brigham Young University, Provo, UT
  • Richard W. Harris
    Brigham Young University, Provo, UT
  • Alycia Dukes
    Brigham Young University, Provo, UT
  • Contact author: Shawn L. Nissen, Department of Communication Disorders, 138 Taylor Building, Brigham Young University, Provo, UT 84602. E-mail: shawn_nissen@byu.edu.
  • Individuals or institutions interested in obtaining copies of the Brigham Young University Taiwan Mandarin Speech Audiometry Materials CD may inquire by e-mail to speech_audiometry@byu.edu or by mail to the following address: Department of Communication Disorders, 136 TLRB, Brigham Young University, Provo, UT 84602.
    Individuals or institutions interested in obtaining copies of the Brigham Young University Taiwan Mandarin Speech Audiometry Materials CD may inquire by e-mail to speech_audiometry@byu.edu or by mail to the following address: Department of Communication Disorders, 136 TLRB, Brigham Young University, Provo, UT 84602.×
Article Information
Cultural & Linguistic Diversity / International & Global / Research and Technology / Research Articles
Research Article   |   June 01, 2008
Word Recognition Materials for Native Speakers of Taiwan Mandarin
American Journal of Audiology, June 2008, Vol. 17, 68-79. doi:10.1044/1059-0889(2008/008)
History: Received October 17, 2007 , Accepted December 15, 2007
 
American Journal of Audiology, June 2008, Vol. 17, 68-79. doi:10.1044/1059-0889(2008/008)
History: Received October 17, 2007; Accepted December 15, 2007
Web of Science® Times Cited: 4

Purpose To select, digitally record, evaluate, and psychometrically equate word recognition materials that can be used to measure the speech perception abilities of native speakers of Taiwan Mandarin in quiet.

Method Frequently used bisyllabic words produced by male and female talkers of Taiwan Mandarin were digitally recorded and subsequently evaluated using 20 native listeners with normal hearing at 10 intensity levels (−5 to 40 dB HL) in increments of 5 dB.

Results Using logistic regression, 200 words with the steepest psychometric slopes were divided into 4 lists and 8 half-lists that were relatively equivalent in psychometric function slope. To increase auditory homogeneity of the lists, the intensity of words in each list was digitally adjusted so that the threshold of each list was equal to the midpoint between the mean thresholds of the male and female half-lists.

Conclusions Digital recordings of the word recognition lists and the associated clinical instructions are available on CD upon request.

Acknowledgments
This project was made possible by funding from the David O. McKay School of Education at Brigham Young University. We would like to thank our two talkers, Chi-Hsun Hsieh and Min-min Tsai, and all the participants who participated in this study. We are grateful for the assistance provided by Adrienne Waters and Lindsay Downs in the selection of the word lists and by our research assistant Sabrina Wu in data collection. In addition, we would like to thank Chu-Ren Huang, Shu-Chuan Tseng, and Ru-Yng Chang for their assistance with electronic corpora.
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