Can Auditory and Visual Speech Perception Be Trained Within a Group Setting? Purpose This study attempted to determine whether auditory-only and auditory-visual speech perception could be trained in a group format. Method A randomized controlled trial with at least 16 participants per group was completed. A training-only group completed at least 5 hr of group speech perception training; a training ... Research Article
Research Article  |   June 01, 2008
Can Auditory and Visual Speech Perception Be Trained Within a Group Setting?
 
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Jill E. Preminger
    University of Louisville School of Medicine, Louisville, KY
  • Craig H. Ziegler
    University of Louisville School of Public Health
  • Contact author: Jill E. Preminger, Program in Audiology, Myers Hall, University of Louisville School of Medicine, Louisville, KY 40292. E-mail: jill.preminger@louisville.edu.
Article Information
Hearing & Speech Perception / Hearing Disorders / Audiologic / Aural Rehabilitation / Special Populations / Older Adults & Aging / Research and Technology / Research Articles
Research Article   |   June 01, 2008
Can Auditory and Visual Speech Perception Be Trained Within a Group Setting?
American Journal of Audiology, June 2008, Vol. 17, 80-97. doi:10.1044/1059-0889(2008/009)
History: Received August 23, 2007 , Revised February 21, 2008 , Accepted March 28, 2008
 
American Journal of Audiology, June 2008, Vol. 17, 80-97. doi:10.1044/1059-0889(2008/009)
History: Received August 23, 2007; Revised February 21, 2008; Accepted March 28, 2008
Web of Science® Times Cited: 9

Purpose This study attempted to determine whether auditory-only and auditory-visual speech perception could be trained in a group format.

Method A randomized controlled trial with at least 16 participants per group was completed. A training-only group completed at least 5 hr of group speech perception training; a training plus psychosocial group completed at least 5 hr of group speech perception training and psychosocial exercises; and a control group did not receive training. Evaluations were conducted before and after training and included analytic and synthetic measures of speech perception, hearing loss–related and generic quality of life scales, and a class evaluation form.

Results No significant group changes were measured on any of the analytic auditory-only or auditory-visual measures of speech perception, yet the majority of training participants (regardless of training group) reported improvement in auditory and auditory-visual speech perception. The training participants demonstrated a significant reduction on the emotional subscale of the hearing loss–related quality of life scale, while the control participants did not demonstrate a change on this subscale.

Conclusions Benefits of group audiologic rehabilitation classes may not result from an actual improvement in auditory or visual speech perception abilities, but participants still perceive training in these areas as useful.

Acknowledgments
This research was supported by National Institutes of Health Grant 5R03DC004939-02, “The Efficacy of Group Aural Rehabilitation Programs.” Portions of this article were presented at the American Auditory Society, Scottsdale, AZ, March 2005, and at the Rehabilitative Audiology Annual Institute, Park City, UT, October 2005. The authors would like to thank the many students who have worked on this project: Scott Anderson, James Baer, Tara Blalock, Mitchell Campbell, Elizabeth Everett White, Miriam Harris-Shelton, Jennifer Leddy, Jodee Pride, Emily Schauwecker, Jeff Shannon, and Allison Young.
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