Comparing Pure-, Pulsed, and Warbled Tone Thresholds in Adults at 3000 and 6000 Hz Purpose Pulsed and warbled tones are suitable substitutions for pure tones in hearing threshold measurement according to the 2005 American Speech-Language-Hearing Association guidelines. These guidelines also recommend measuring thresholds at 3000 and 6000 Hz. To date, there is no research directly supporting substitution of pulsed or warbled tones for pure ... Research Article
Research Article  |   June 01, 2011
Comparing Pure-, Pulsed, and Warbled Tone Thresholds in Adults at 3000 and 6000 Hz
 
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Clifford A. Franklin
    Missouri State University, Springfield
  • Thomas C. Franklin
    Missouri State University, Springfield
  • Jennifer L. Franklin
    Missouri State University, Springfield
  • Correspondence to Clifford A. Franklin: cfranklin@missouristate.edu
  • Editor: Sheila Pratt
    Editor: Sheila Pratt×
  • Associate Editor: Brad Rakerd
    Associate Editor: Brad Rakerd×
Article Information
Hearing Disorders / Research Articles
Research Article   |   June 01, 2011
Comparing Pure-, Pulsed, and Warbled Tone Thresholds in Adults at 3000 and 6000 Hz
American Journal of Audiology, June 2011, Vol. 20, 42-47. doi:10.1044/1059-0889(2011/10-0026)
History: Received July 14, 2010 , Revised January 16, 2011 , Accepted March 4, 2011
 
American Journal of Audiology, June 2011, Vol. 20, 42-47. doi:10.1044/1059-0889(2011/10-0026)
History: Received July 14, 2010; Revised January 16, 2011; Accepted March 4, 2011
Web of Science® Times Cited: 1

Purpose Pulsed and warbled tones are suitable substitutions for pure tones in hearing threshold measurement according to the 2005 American Speech-Language-Hearing Association guidelines. These guidelines also recommend measuring thresholds at 3000 and 6000 Hz. To date, there is no research directly supporting substitution of pulsed or warbled tones for pure tones at 3000 and 6000 Hz for listeners with normal hearing or with hearing loss. This study compared pure-, pulsed, and warbled tone thresholds at 3000 and 6000 Hz.

Method Forty-seven adults with normal hearing and 16 adults with sensorineural hearing loss participated in this study. Air-conduction thresholds were elicited with pure tones at octave intervals from 250 to 8000 Hz and with pure-, pulsed, and warbled tone stimuli at 3000 and 6000 Hz.

Results Small mean differences in thresholds were obtained using each of the 3 stimulus types for both listeners with normal hearing and hearing loss. Some of the mean differences tested were found to be statistically significant. The differences were nevertheless small and in all cases within the clinically accepted 5-dB step size.

Conclusion Although substitutions did not violate the 5-dB step size, the slope of a listener’s hearing loss may be a factor in the inaccuracy of measurement during the substitution of warbled tones for pure tones.

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