Research Article  |   June 2011
Targeting Hearing Health Messages for Users of Personal Listening Devices
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Jerry L. Punch
    Michigan State University, East Lansing
  • Jill L. Elfenbein
    Michigan State University, East Lansing
  • Richard R. James
    E-Coustic Solutions, Okemos, MI
  • Correspondence to Jerry L. Punch: jpunch@msu.edu
  • Editor: Sheila Pratt
    Editor: Sheila Pratt×
  • Associate Editor: Jeffrey DiGiovanni
    Associate Editor: Jeffrey DiGiovanni×
Hearing & Speech Perception / Hearing Disorders / Special Populations / Psychogenic Disorders / Regulatory, Legislative & Advocacy
Research Article   |   June 2011
Targeting Hearing Health Messages for Users of Personal Listening Devices
American Journal of Audiology June 2011, Vol.20, 69-82. doi:10.1044/1059-0889(2011/10-0039)
History: Accepted 20 Mar 2011 , Received 05 Oct 2010
American Journal of Audiology June 2011, Vol.20, 69-82. doi:10.1044/1059-0889(2011/10-0039)
History: Accepted 20 Mar 2011 , Received 05 Oct 2010

Purpose: To summarize the literature on patterns and risks of personal listening device (PLD) use, which is ubiquitous among teenagers and young adults. The review emphasizes risk awareness, health concerns of PLD users, inclination to take actions to prevent hearing loss from exposure to loud music, and specific instructional messages that are likely to motivate such preventive actions.

Method: We conducted a systematic, critical review of the English-language scholarly literature on the topic of PLDs and their potential effects on human hearing. We used popular database search engines to locate relevant professional journals, books, recent conference papers, and other reference sources.

Conclusions: Adolescents and young adults appear to have somewhat different perspectives on risks to hearing posed by PLD use. Messages designed to suggest actions they might take in avoiding or reducing these risks, therefore, need to be targeted to achieve optimal outcomes. We offer specific recommendations regarding the framing and content of educational messages that are most likely to be effective in reducing the potentially harmful effects of loud music on hearing in these populations, and we note future research needs.

Order a Subscription
Pay Per View
Entire American Journal of Audiology content & archive
24-hour access
This Article
24-hour access

Related Articles

Coordinator’s Column
Perspectives on Audiology May 2009, Vol.5, 2. doi:10.1044/poa5.1.2
Perceived Hearing Status and Attitudes Toward Noise in Young Adults
American Journal of Audiology December 2007, Vol.16, S182-S189. doi:10.1044/1059-0889(2007/022)
Noise Exposure Estimates of Urban MP3 Player Users
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research February 2011, Vol.54, 263-277. doi:10.1044/1092-4388(2010/09-0283)
Maximum Output Intensity of the Audiokinetron
American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology May 1996, Vol.5, 68-72. doi:10.1044/1058-0360.0502.68
The Influence of Cardiovascular Health on Peripheral and Central Auditory Function in Adults: A Research Review
American Journal of Audiology June 2010, Vol.19, 9-16. doi:10.1044/1059-0889(2010/08-0040)