Forty Years of Audiology in Israel A broad spectrum of audiology programs and services has been developed in Israel over the past 40 years. Tel Aviv University awards bachelor’s and graduate degrees in audiology and speech-language pathology. There is a national licensing program for audiologists and speech-language pathologists who have earned at least a baccalaureate degree ... Perspective
Perspective  |   November 01, 1994
Forty Years of Audiology in Israel
 
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Moe Bergman
    Sackler School of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, 10 Wissotzky St., Tel Aviv, Israel
  • Minka Hildesheimer
    Sackler School of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, 10 Wissotzky St., Tel Aviv, Israel
Article Information
Hearing Disorders / School-Based Settings / Professional Issues & Training / International & Global / Perspectives
Perspective   |   November 01, 1994
Forty Years of Audiology in Israel
American Journal of Audiology, November 1994, Vol. 3, 11-15. doi:10.1044/1059-0889.0303.11
History: Received October 2, 1993 , Accepted January 8, 1994
 
American Journal of Audiology, November 1994, Vol. 3, 11-15. doi:10.1044/1059-0889.0303.11
History: Received October 2, 1993; Accepted January 8, 1994

A broad spectrum of audiology programs and services has been developed in Israel over the past 40 years. Tel Aviv University awards bachelor’s and graduate degrees in audiology and speech-language pathology. There is a national licensing program for audiologists and speech-language pathologists who have earned at least a baccalaureate degree and have completed one year of service under the supervision of a senior professional. Well-equipped medical center clinics in the major geographic areas are easily accessible from all parts of the country. Privately operated audiology clinics and offices are run by licensed audiologists, and hearing aid dispensing establishments are staffed mostly by licensed audiologists. An organized national hearing screening program begins with infants and young children in well-baby clinics. Special education programs emphasize integration of children with severe and profound hearing loss in regular classrooms, and volunteer service centers provide supplementary habilitation and social and cultural experiences for such children. Hearing conservation programs for the retired population are carried on in community health maintenance centers for the older adult. Industrial and military hearing conservation programs have been established. Israeli scientists and clinicians engage in both basic and clinical research, and Israel’s professional organizations organize periodic local, national, and international meetings, facilitating significant interaction and collaboration with colleagues and organizations abroad.

Acknowledgments
We are especially grateful to Jerry Reichstein, who supplied material relating to educational programs and SHEMA, and to the following persons who provided other material for this article: Rachel Anafi, Joseph Attias, Carole Froelich, Nirit Harell, Talma Herzano, Margo Lapidot, Ehud Levran, Yehoshua Noy-Man, Linda Sabbah, and Lilly Tell.
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