An Investigation of Maternal Stress After Neonatal Hearing Screening An investigation was undertaken to determine whether mothers whose infants failed a newborn hearing screening (MWIF) had significantly more stress and were consequently at risk for dysfunctional attachment than those mothers whose infants passed a newborn hearing screening (MWIP). The Parenting Stress Index (PSI; Abidin, 1995), a screening and diagnostic ... Research Article
Research Article  |   December 01, 2000
An Investigation of Maternal Stress After Neonatal Hearing Screening
 
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Andrew Stuart, Ph.D.
    East Carolina University, Greenville, NC
    Department of Communication Sciences and Disorders, School of Allied Health Sciences, East Carolina University, Greenville, NC, 27858-4353
  • Misty Moretz
    East Carolina University, Greenville, NC
  • Edward Y. Yang
    Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS, Canada and Chung-Shan Medical College, Taiwan
  • Corresponding author: e-mail: stuarta@mail.ecu.edu
Article Information
Hearing Disorders / Special Populations / Early Identification & Intervention / Research Articles
Research Article   |   December 01, 2000
An Investigation of Maternal Stress After Neonatal Hearing Screening
American Journal of Audiology, December 2000, Vol. 9, 135-141. doi:10.1044/1059-0889(2000/016)
History: Received April 7, 2000 , Accepted September 19, 2000
 
American Journal of Audiology, December 2000, Vol. 9, 135-141. doi:10.1044/1059-0889(2000/016)
History: Received April 7, 2000; Accepted September 19, 2000

An investigation was undertaken to determine whether mothers whose infants failed a newborn hearing screening (MWIF) had significantly more stress and were consequently at risk for dysfunctional attachment than those mothers whose infants passed a newborn hearing screening (MWIP). The Parenting Stress Index (PSI; Abidin, 1995), a screening and diagnostic assessment questionnaire designed to measure the relative magnitude of stress in a parent-child dyad, was used. Twenty MWIP and 20 MWIF participated. The PSI was administered through a telephone interview approximately 1 month after participants’ discharge while their infants were between their fourth and fifth week of life. In the case of MWIF, the interview occurred before their infant’s hearing retest. No significant differences in Total Stress, Life Stress, Child Domain, and Parent Domain subscale raw scores of the PSI were found between MWIP and MWIF (p > .05). An examination of the individual PSI profiles of all participants for "high" and "low" normative percentile scores (i.e., percentile scores ≥90th percentile and percentile scores ≤0 percentile for the former and latter, respectively) revealed that the incidence of high scale/subscale percentile scores was essentially equivalent between groups. MWIP, however, displayed lower scale/subscale percentile scores. The results of the study suggest that those mothers whose infants receive a refer outcome after a newborn hearing screening demonstrate equivalent stress levels as those mothers whose infants received a pass.

Acknowledgments
The completion of this project could not have been accomplished without the generous support of the Department of Speech Language Pathology and Audiology, Pitt Memorial Hospital, Greenville, NC.
Presented in part at the North Carolina Speech, Hearing and Language Association 44th Annual Convention, Charlotte, NC, April 24, 1998 and A Sound Foundation Through Early Amplification, An International Conference Sponsored by Phonak, Chicago, IL, October 30, 1998.
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