A Multisite Study to Examine the Efficacy of the Otoacoustic Emission/Automated Auditory Brainstem Response Newborn Hearing Screening Protocol Introduction and Overview of the Study Supplement Article
Supplement Article  |   December 01, 2005
A Multisite Study to Examine the Efficacy of the Otoacoustic Emission/Automated Auditory Brainstem Response Newborn Hearing Screening Protocol
 
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Jean L. Johnson
    Center on Disability Studies, University of Hawaii, 1776 University Avenue, Honolulu, HI 96822
  • Karl R. White
    National Center for Hearing Assessment and Management, Utah State University, Logan
  • Judith E. Widen
    University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City
  • Judith S. Gravel
    Albert Einstein College of Medicine and Jacobi Medical Center, Bronx, NY
  • Betty R. Vohr
    Women and Infants Hospital, Providence, RI
  • Michele James
    Arnold Palmer Hospital for Children and Women, Orlando, FL
  • Teresa Kennalley
    Via Christi Regional Medical Center, Wichita, KS
  • Antonia B. Maxon
    New England Center for Hearing Rehabilitation, Hampton, CT
  • Lynn Spivak
    Long Island Jewish Medical Center, New Hyde Park, NY
  • Maureen Sullivan-Mahoney
    Good Samaritan Hospital, Cincinnati, OH
  • Yusnita Weirather
    Kapiòlani Medical Center for Women and Infants, Honolulu, HI
  • Sally Meyer
    National Center for Hearing Assessment and Management, Utah State University, Logan
  • Corresponding author: e-mail: jeanj@hawaii.edu
  • Judith S. Gravel is now at The Childrens Hospital of Philadelphia.
    Judith S. Gravel is now at The Childrens Hospital of Philadelphia.×
Article Information
Hearing Disorders / Special Populations / Early Identification & Intervention / Supplement: A Multisite Study to Examine the Efficacy of the Otoacoustic Emission/Automated Auditory Brainstem Response Newborn Hearing Screening Protocol
Supplement Article   |   December 01, 2005
A Multisite Study to Examine the Efficacy of the Otoacoustic Emission/Automated Auditory Brainstem Response Newborn Hearing Screening Protocol
American Journal of Audiology, December 2005, Vol. 14, S178-S185. doi:10.1044/1059-0889(2005/020)
History: Received May 7, 2005 , Accepted November 14, 2005
 
American Journal of Audiology, December 2005, Vol. 14, S178-S185. doi:10.1044/1059-0889(2005/020)
History: Received May 7, 2005; Accepted November 14, 2005

Purpose: This article is the 1st in a series of 4 articles on a recently completed multistate study of newborn hearing screening.

Method: The study examined the efficacy of the 2-stage otoacoustic emission/automated auditory brainstem response (OAE/A-ABR) protocol for identifying hearing loss in newborns.

Results: The study found that the 2-stage OAE/A-ABR protocol did miss a significant number of babies who exhibited a permanent hearing loss by 1 year of age. Three subsequent articles will describe the research design and results in detail, discuss the behavioral assessment of infants, and summarize the implications of the study for policy, practice, and research.

Acknowledgments
This study was made possible through a Cooperative Agreement between the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the Association of Teachers of Preventive Medicine (ATPM), Award U50/CCU300860 TS-523. The contents of the study are the sole responsibility of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the official views of the CDC or the ATPM. An abbreviated version of the four articles in this series was previously published in the September 2005 issue of Pediatrics (Johnson et al., 2005). The wisdom of June Holstrum, PhD, in identifying the need for this study and making it a priority within CDC is gratefully acknowledged. Appreciation is also expressed to Roy Ing, MD, MPH; Brandt Culpepper, PhD; Lee Ann Ramsey, BBA, GCPH; and Krista Biernath, MD, who served as CDC advisors to the grant. The support of Stacia Hall and Alisen James of ATPM during the 4 years of the grant was an invaluable asset in conducting the study. The contributed resources of the National Center for Hearing Assessment and Management were indispensable in the successful completion of the study. Justus Randolph, Danhui Zhang, and Maria Hovak were critical assets in the management and analysis of the data. Charlene Wong, a graduate assistant at the University of Hawai`ı, assisted in the preparation of the manuscript. The authors express their heartfelt appreciation to the personnel in the hospital nurseries and to the pediatric audiologists who performed the diagnostic assessments. Finally, we thank the 1,524 families who enrolled in the study, with special appreciation to the 973 families who returned for the diagnostic evaluation.
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