The Effect of Dialect on Speech Audiometry Testing Purpose In this study, the authors examined the validity of using materials from 2 nonregional yet mutually intelligible dialects to evaluate an individual's speech recognition threshold (SRT) and word recognition (WR) abilities and whether a speaker of 1 dialect could accurately administer and score materials in the other dialect. ... Research Article
Research Article  |   December 01, 2013
The Effect of Dialect on Speech Audiometry Testing
 
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Shawn L. Nissen
    Brigham Young University, Provo, UT
  • Richard W. Harris
    Brigham Young University, Provo, UT
  • Ron W. Channell
    Brigham Young University, Provo, UT
  • Nathan E. Richardson
    Brigham Young University, Provo, UT
  • Jamie A. Garlick
    Brigham Young University, Provo, UT
  • Dennis L. Eggett
    Brigham Young University, Provo, UT
  • Disclosure: The authors have declared that no competing interests existed at the time of publication.
    Disclosure: The authors have declared that no competing interests existed at the time of publication.×
  • Correspondence to Shawn L. Nissen: shawn_nissen@byu.edu
  • Editor: Larry Humes
    Editor: Larry Humes×
Article Information
Hearing Disorders / Cultural & Linguistic Diversity / Research Articles
Research Article   |   December 01, 2013
The Effect of Dialect on Speech Audiometry Testing
American Journal of Audiology, December 2013, Vol. 22, 233-240. doi:10.1044/1059-0889(2013/12-0077)
History: Received December 4, 2012 , Revised March 6, 2013 , Accepted March 20, 2013
 
American Journal of Audiology, December 2013, Vol. 22, 233-240. doi:10.1044/1059-0889(2013/12-0077)
History: Received December 4, 2012; Revised March 6, 2013; Accepted March 20, 2013
Web of Science® Times Cited: 1

Purpose In this study, the authors examined the validity of using materials from 2 nonregional yet mutually intelligible dialects to evaluate an individual's speech recognition threshold (SRT) and word recognition (WR) abilities and whether a speaker of 1 dialect could accurately administer and score materials in the other dialect.

Method Previously created SRT and WR materials were presented to 32 Mandarin listeners with normal hearing: 16 speakers of Mainland Mandarin and 16 speakers of Taiwan Mandarin. Hearing abilities were examined using SRT and WR materials created for speakers from 2 different regional dialects. Presentation of the materials occurred during 2 test sessions, counterbalanced across material and listener dialect. Listener responses were evaluated by 2 judges; 1 spoke Mainland Mandarin, and the other spoke Taiwan Mandarin.

Results For the SRT and WR results, differences in listener performance were statistically significant across material and listener dialect, with threshold differences of less than 2 dB HL when collapsed across session. The interscorer percentage of agreement was 99.5% for SRT and 99.1% for WR testing.

Conclusion Testing with materials in a different regional dialect does have a measurable impact on SRT and WR performance. However, this difference, though reliable, is small enough to have a negligible impact on clinical findings.

Acknowledgments
This project was made possible by funding from the David O. McKay School of Education at Brigham Young University. We also thank our research assistants Shu-Ling Ko and Hong Wu and all the participants who contributed their time to this study.
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