The Spatial Hearing Questionnaire: Data From Individuals With Normal Hearing Purpose Although a number of questionnaires are available to assess hearing aid benefit and general hearing disability, relatively few investigate spatial hearing ability in more complex listening situations. The aim of this study was to document the performance of individuals with normal hearing using the Spatial Hearing Questionnaire (SHQ; Tyler, ... Research Article
Research Article  |   June 01, 2014
The Spatial Hearing Questionnaire: Data From Individuals With Normal Hearing
 
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Ann E. Perreau
    Augustana College, Rock Island, IL
  • Bryn Spejcher
    Augustana College, Rock Island, IL
  • Hua Ou
    Illinois State University, Normal
  • Richard Tyler
    University of Iowa, Iowa City
  • Disclosure: The authors have declared that no competing interests existed at the time of publication.
    Disclosure: The authors have declared that no competing interests existed at the time of publication.×
  • Correspondence to Ann E. Perreau: annperreau@augustana.edu
  • Editor: Larry Humes
    Editor: Larry Humes×
Article Information
Hearing & Speech Perception / Hearing Disorders / Hearing Aids, Cochlear Implants & Assistive Technology / Research Articles
Research Article   |   June 01, 2014
The Spatial Hearing Questionnaire: Data From Individuals With Normal Hearing
American Journal of Audiology, June 2014, Vol. 23, 173-181. doi:10.1044/2014_AJA-13-0049
History: Received September 17, 2013 , Revised November 17, 2013 , Accepted December 27, 2013
 
American Journal of Audiology, June 2014, Vol. 23, 173-181. doi:10.1044/2014_AJA-13-0049
History: Received September 17, 2013; Revised November 17, 2013; Accepted December 27, 2013
Web of Science® Times Cited: 3

Purpose Although a number of questionnaires are available to assess hearing aid benefit and general hearing disability, relatively few investigate spatial hearing ability in more complex listening situations. The aim of this study was to document the performance of individuals with normal hearing using the Spatial Hearing Questionnaire (SHQ; Tyler, Perreau, & Ji, 2009) and to compare performance with published data from cochlear implant (CI) users.

Method Fifty-one participants with normal hearing participated. All participants completed the 24-item SHQ. Also, a factor analysis and reliability tests were performed.

Results Performance on the SHQ was high (87%) for the participants with normal hearing. Subjective ratings varied across different listening situations: Understanding speech in quiet (98%) was rated higher than sound localization (84%) and understanding speech in a background of noise (85%). Compared with previously published data (Tyler, Perreau, & Ji, 2009), listeners with normal hearing rated their spatial hearing ability significantly better than bilateral and unilateral CI users. Results confirmed that the SHQ is a reliable measure of spatial hearing ability for listeners with normal hearing.

Conclusions Overall, results indicated that the SHQ is able to capture expected differences between individuals with normal hearing and CI users. These new data can be used as targets following the provision of hearing devices.

Acknowledgments
This research was supported in part by the New Faculty Research Award and Larry Jones Research Fellowship awarded to Ann E. Perreau from Augustana College. This research was also supported by the National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders, National Institutes of Health Research Grant 2P50DC000242-26A1; General Clinical Research Centers Program, Division of Research Resources, National Institutes of Health Grant RR00059; the Lions Clubs International Foundation; and the Iowa Lions Foundation. We thank Elizabeth Hughes for her efforts with data collection and Fen A. Fenwick for statistical support. We also thank the participants for their time.
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