Hearing Loss Prevention Education Using Adopt-a-Band: Changes in Self-Reported Earplug Use in Two High School Marching Bands Purpose Hearing loss prevention has always been an important issue for audiologists. The importance of hearing loss prevention education for young musicians is now recognized by the National Association for Music Education as well as the National Association of Schools of Music. Adopt-a-Band is a commercial program designed to foster ... Research Article
Research Article  |   June 01, 2014
Hearing Loss Prevention Education Using Adopt-a-Band: Changes in Self-Reported Earplug Use in Two High School Marching Bands
 
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Melissa Auchter
    University of Florida, Gainesville
  • Colleen G. Le Prell
    University of Florida, Gainesville
  • Disclosure: The authors have declared that no competing interests existed at the time of publication.
    Disclosure: The authors have declared that no competing interests existed at the time of publication.×
  • Correspondence to Colleen G. Le Prell: colleeng@ufl.edu
  • Editor: Larry Humes
    Editor: Larry Humes×
Article Information
Hearing Disorders / School-Based Settings / Research Articles
Research Article   |   June 01, 2014
Hearing Loss Prevention Education Using Adopt-a-Band: Changes in Self-Reported Earplug Use in Two High School Marching Bands
American Journal of Audiology, June 2014, Vol. 23, 211-226. doi:10.1044/2014_AJA-14-0001
History: Received January 9, 2014 , Revised March 21, 2014 , Accepted March 24, 2014
 
American Journal of Audiology, June 2014, Vol. 23, 211-226. doi:10.1044/2014_AJA-14-0001
History: Received January 9, 2014; Revised March 21, 2014; Accepted March 24, 2014
Web of Science® Times Cited: 1

Purpose Hearing loss prevention has always been an important issue for audiologists. The importance of hearing loss prevention education for young musicians is now recognized by the National Association for Music Education as well as the National Association of Schools of Music. Adopt-a-Band is a commercial program designed to foster hearing loss prevention behavior in young musicians.

Method This study assessed changes in earplug use, measured using self-report surveys, after Adopt-a-Band training. Participants were members of 2 high school marching bands who viewed an informational DVD and reviewed fact sheets. Flat-attenuation earplugs were distributed, and training was provided. In addition, study participants engaged in discussion of hearing loss with a doctor of audiology student.

Results Before training, 23% of participants reported they had previously used hearing protection. Immediately after training, 94% of participants reported they planned to use hearing protection at least occasionally. In a final end-of-season survey, earplug use had reliably increased; 62% of participants reported they used earplugs at least occasionally.

Conclusions Earplug use increased, but self-reported behavioral change was not as robust as predicted from self-reported participant intentions. Participant comments regarding factors that influenced their earplug use decisions suggest opportunities to improve training.

Acknowledgments
We are grateful to Carolynn Travis and Gail Gudmundsen at Etymotic Research for their assistance with the Adopt-a-Band program; fees for Adopt-a-Band supplies were paid by the University of Florida Center for Hearing. Although Etymotic Research had no involvement in this study, we do note here that it generously donated additional copies of several pamphlets at no cost for distribution to students participating in other ongoing studies on the University of Florida campus as a public health service. We offer special thanks to Kenny Butler and Paul Rowe for allowing their marching band programs to participate. Finally, we thank Chris Spankovich for helpful discussions of health behavior theory during the preparation of this article. Portions of these data were presented at the 38th Annual National Hearing Conservation Association Conference—The Art of Hearing Conservation (Auchter & Le Prell, 2013).
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