A Review of Hyperacusis and Future Directions: Part II. Measurement, Mechanisms, and Treatment Purpose Hyperacusis can be extremely debilitating, and at present, there is no cure. In this detailed review of the field, we consolidate present knowledge in the hope of facilitating future research. Method We review and reference the literature on hyperacusis and related areas. This is the 2nd of ... Review Article
Review Article  |   December 2014
A Review of Hyperacusis and Future Directions: Part II. Measurement, Mechanisms, and Treatment
 
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Martin Pienkowski
    Salus University, Elkins Park, PA
  • Richard S. Tyler
    University of Iowa, Iowa City
  • Eveling Rojas Roncancio
    University of Iowa, Iowa City
  • Hyung Jin Jun
    University of Iowa, Iowa City
  • Tom Brozoski
    Southern Illinois University School of Medicine, Springfield
  • Nicolas Dauman
    University of Poitiers, France
  • Claudia Barros Coelho
    University of Iowa, Iowa City
  • Gerhard Andersson
    Linköping University, Sweden
    Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden
  • Andrew J. Keiner
    University of Iowa, Iowa City
  • Anthony T. Cacace
    Wayne State University, Detroit, MI
  • Nora Martin
    University of Iowa, Iowa City
  • Brian C. J. Moore
    University of Cambridge, England
  • Disclosure: The authors have declared that no competing interests existed at the time of publication.
    Disclosure: The authors have declared that no competing interests existed at the time of publication.×
  • Correspondence to Martin Pienkowski: mpienkowski@salus.edu
  • Editor and Associate Editor: Larry E. Humes
    Editor and Associate Editor: Larry E. Humes×
  • Copyright © 2014 American Speech-Language-Hearing Association
Article Information
Hearing Disorders / Review Articles
Review Article   |   December 2014
A Review of Hyperacusis and Future Directions: Part II. Measurement, Mechanisms, and Treatment
American Journal of Audiology, December 2014, Vol. 23, 420-436. doi:10.1044/2014_AJA-13-0037
History: Received August 6, 2013 , Revised January 31, 2014 , Accepted February 21, 2014
 
American Journal of Audiology, December 2014, Vol. 23, 420-436. doi:10.1044/2014_AJA-13-0037
History: Received August 6, 2013; Revised January 31, 2014; Accepted February 21, 2014
Web of Science® Times Cited: 2
Acknowledgments
We thank the Hearing Health Foundation and HyperacusisResearch.org for their support.

Purpose Hyperacusis can be extremely debilitating, and at present, there is no cure. In this detailed review of the field, we consolidate present knowledge in the hope of facilitating future research.

Method We review and reference the literature on hyperacusis and related areas. This is the 2nd of a 2-part review.

Results Hyperacusis encompasses a wide range of reactions to sounds, which can be grouped into the categories of excessive loudness, annoyance, fear, and pain. Reasonable approaches to assessing the different forms of hyperacusis are emerging, including brain-imaging studies. Researchers are only beginning to understand the many mechanisms at play, and valid animal models are still evolving. There are many counseling and sound-therapy approaches that some patients find helpful, but well-controlled studies are needed to measure their long-term efficacy and to test new approaches.

Conclusions Hyperacusis can make life difficult in this increasingly noisy world, forcing sufferers to dramatically alter their work and social habits. We believe this is an opportune time to explore approaches to better understand and treat hyperacusis.

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