A Review of Hyperacusis and Future Directions: Part I. Definitions and Manifestations Purpose Hyperacusis can be extremely debilitating, and at present, there is no cure. We provide an overview of the field, and possible related areas, in the hope of facilitating future research. Method We review and reference literature on hyperacusis and related areas. We have divided the review into ... Review Article
Review Article  |   December 01, 2014
A Review of Hyperacusis and Future Directions: Part I. Definitions and Manifestations
 
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Richard S. Tyler
    University of Iowa, Iowa City
  • Martin Pienkowski
    Salus University, Elkins Park, PA
  • Eveling Rojas Roncancio
    University of Iowa, Iowa City
  • Hyung Jin Jun
    University of Iowa, Iowa City
  • Tom Brozoski
    Southern Illinois University School of Medicine, Springfield
  • Nicolas Dauman
    University of Poitiers, France
  • Claudia Barros Coelho
    University of Iowa, Iowa City
  • Gerhard Andersson
    Linköping University, Sweden
    Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden
  • Andrew J. Keiner
    University of Iowa, Iowa City
  • Anthony T. Cacace
    Wayne State University, Detroit, MI
  • Nora Martin
    University of Iowa, Iowa City
  • Brian C. J. Moore
    University of Cambridge, England
  • Disclosure: The authors have declared that no competing interests existed at the time of publication.
    Disclosure: The authors have declared that no competing interests existed at the time of publication.×
  • Correspondence to Richard S. Tyler: rich-tyler@uiowa.edu
  • Editor and Associate Editor: Larry Humes
    Editor and Associate Editor: Larry Humes×
Article Information
Hearing Disorders / Review Articles
Review Article   |   December 01, 2014
A Review of Hyperacusis and Future Directions: Part I. Definitions and Manifestations
American Journal of Audiology, December 2014, Vol. 23, 402-419. doi:10.1044/2014_AJA-14-0010
History: Received February 17, 2014 , Revised July 2, 2014 , Accepted July 24, 2014
 
American Journal of Audiology, December 2014, Vol. 23, 402-419. doi:10.1044/2014_AJA-14-0010
History: Received February 17, 2014; Revised July 2, 2014; Accepted July 24, 2014
Web of Science® Times Cited: 13

Purpose Hyperacusis can be extremely debilitating, and at present, there is no cure. We provide an overview of the field, and possible related areas, in the hope of facilitating future research.

Method We review and reference literature on hyperacusis and related areas. We have divided the review into 2 articles. In Part I, we discuss definitions, epidemiology, different etiologies and subgroups, and how hyperacusis affects people. In Part II, we review measurements, models, mechanisms, and treatments, and we finish with some suggestions for further research.

Results Hyperacusis encompasses a wide range of reactions to sound, which can be grouped into the categories of excessive loudness, annoyance, fear, and pain. Many different causes have been proposed, and it will be important to appreciate and quantify different subgroups. Reasonable approaches to assessing the different forms of hyperacusis are emerging, including psychoacoustical measures, questionnaires, and brain imaging.

Conclusions Hyperacusis can make life difficult for many, forcing sufferers to dramatically alter their work and social habits. We believe this is an opportune time to explore approaches to better understand and treat hyperacusis.

Acknowledgments
We thank the Hearing Health Foundation and HyperacusResearch.org for their support.
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