Differences Among Patients That Make Their Tinnitus Worse or Better Purpose Our objective was to identify activities that influence tinnitus and to determine if conditional probabilities exist among such variables. Method Two hundred fifty-eight patients were asked the following two questions: “When you have your tinnitus, which of the following makes it worse?” and “Which of the following ... Research Article
Research Article  |   December 01, 2015
Differences Among Patients That Make Their Tinnitus Worse or Better
 
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Tao Pan
    Peking University Third Hospital, Beijing, China
    University of Iowa, Iowa City
  • Richard S. Tyler
    University of Iowa, Iowa City
  • Haihong Ji
    University of Iowa, Iowa City
  • Claudia Coelho
    University of Iowa, Iowa City
  • Stephanie A. Gogel
    University of Iowa, Iowa City
  • Disclosure: The authors have declared that no competing interests existed at the time of publication.
    Disclosure: The authors have declared that no competing interests existed at the time of publication. ×
  • Correspondence to Tao Pan: pantao6422@163.com
  • Editor and Associate Editor: Larry Humes
    Editor and Associate Editor: Larry Humes×
Article Information
Hearing Disorders / Research Articles
Research Article   |   December 01, 2015
Differences Among Patients That Make Their Tinnitus Worse or Better
American Journal of Audiology, December 2015, Vol. 24, 469-476. doi:10.1044/2015_AJA-15-0020
History: Received March 6, 2015 , Revised June 28, 2015 , Accepted July 1, 2015
 
American Journal of Audiology, December 2015, Vol. 24, 469-476. doi:10.1044/2015_AJA-15-0020
History: Received March 6, 2015; Revised June 28, 2015; Accepted July 1, 2015

Purpose Our objective was to identify activities that influence tinnitus and to determine if conditional probabilities exist among such variables.

Method Two hundred fifty-eight patients were asked the following two questions: “When you have your tinnitus, which of the following makes it worse?” and “Which of the following reduces your tinnitus?”

Results Things that made tinnitus better included noise (31%) and relaxation (15%). Things that made tinnitus worse included being in a quiet place (48%), stress (36%), being in a noisy place (32%), and lack of sleep (27%). Almost 6% of patients suggested coffee/tea and 4% said certain foods made their tinnitus worse. Conditional probabilities indicated that for those whose tinnitus is not worse in quiet, it is usually not reduced by noise. For those whose tinnitus is not worse in noise, it is usually not reduced in quiet.

Conclusion There are dramatic differences among patients. Such differences need to be considered in planning treatments.

Acknowledgment
This research was supported by the National Institutes of Health (R01 DC005972-01A1), awarded to Richard S. Tyler, and the American Tinnitus Association.
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