Mandarin Lexical Tone Acquisition in Cochlear Implant Users With Prelingual Deafness: A Review Purpose The purpose of this review article is to synthesize evidence from the fields of developmental linguistics and cochlear implant technology relevant to the production and perception of Mandarin lexical tone in cochlear implant users with prelingual deafness. The aim of this review was to identify potential factors that determine ... Review Article
Review Article  |   September 01, 2016
Mandarin Lexical Tone Acquisition in Cochlear Implant Users With Prelingual Deafness: A Review
 
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Johanna Tan
    The University of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
  • Richard Dowell
    The University of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
  • Adam Vogel
    Center for Neuroscience of Speech, The University of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
    Hertie Institute for Clinical Brain Research, Eberhard Karls Universität Tübingen, Germany
    Murdoch Childrens Research Institute, The Bruce Lefroy Centre for Genetic Health Research, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
  • Disclosure: The authors have declared that no competing interests existed at the time of publication.
    Disclosure: The authors have declared that no competing interests existed at the time of publication. ×
  • Corresponding to Johanna Tan: jotan@unimelb.edu.au
  • Editor and Associate Editor: Larry Humes
    Editor and Associate Editor: Larry Humes×
Article Information
Hearing & Speech Perception / Hearing Disorders / Hearing Aids, Cochlear Implants & Assistive Technology / Cultural & Linguistic Diversity / Speech, Voice & Prosody / Review Articles
Review Article   |   September 01, 2016
Mandarin Lexical Tone Acquisition in Cochlear Implant Users With Prelingual Deafness: A Review
American Journal of Audiology, September 2016, Vol. 25, 246-256. doi:10.1044/2016_AJA-15-0069
History: Received November 9, 2015 , Revised February 17, 2016 , Accepted February 20, 2016
 
American Journal of Audiology, September 2016, Vol. 25, 246-256. doi:10.1044/2016_AJA-15-0069
History: Received November 9, 2015; Revised February 17, 2016; Accepted February 20, 2016

Purpose The purpose of this review article is to synthesize evidence from the fields of developmental linguistics and cochlear implant technology relevant to the production and perception of Mandarin lexical tone in cochlear implant users with prelingual deafness. The aim of this review was to identify potential factors that determine outcomes for tonal-language speaking cochlear implant users and possible directions for further research.

Method A computerized database search of MEDLINE, CINAHL, Academic Search Premier, Web of Science, and Google Scholar was undertaken in June and July 2014. Search terms used were lexical tone AND tonal language, speech development AND/OR speech production AND/OR speech perception AND cochlear implants, and pitch perception AND cochlear implants, anywhere in the title or abstract.

Conclusion Despite the demonstrated limitations of pitch perception in cochlear implant users, there is some evidence that typical production and perception of lexical tone is possible by cochlear implant users with prelingual deafness. Further studies are required to determine the factors that contribute to better outcomes to inform rehabilitation processes for cochlear implant users in tonal-language environments.

Acknowledgment
The first author is undertaking a doctor of philosophy degree, funded by Australian Research Council Linkage Grant LP130100026, and an Australian Postgraduate Award from the University of Melbourne.
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