Exploring the Relevance of Items in the Communicative Participation Item Bank (CPIB) for Individuals With Hearing Loss Purpose The Communicative Participation Item Bank (CPIB) was developed to evaluate participation restrictions in communication situations for individuals with speech and language disorders. This study evaluated the potential relevance of CPIB items for individuals with hearing loss. Method Cognitive interviews were conducted with 17 adults with a range ... Research Article
Newly Published
Research Article  |   January 09, 2017
Exploring the Relevance of Items in the Communicative Participation Item Bank (CPIB) for Individuals With Hearing Loss
 
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Christi W. Miller
    Department of Speech and Hearing Sciences, University of Washington, Seattle
  • Carolyn R. Baylor
    Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle
  • Kristen Birch
    Department of Speech and Hearing Sciences, University of Washington, Seattle
  • Kathryn M. Yorkston
    Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle
  • Disclosure: The authors have declared that no competing interests existed at the time of publication.
    Disclosure: The authors have declared that no competing interests existed at the time of publication. ×
  • Correspondence to Christi W. Miller: christim@u.washington.edu
  • Editor: Sumitrajit Dhar
    Editor: Sumitrajit Dhar×
  • Associate Editor: Ryan McCreery
    Associate Editor: Ryan McCreery×
Article Information
Hearing Disorders / Newly Published / Research Article
Research Article   |   January 09, 2017
Exploring the Relevance of Items in the Communicative Participation Item Bank (CPIB) for Individuals With Hearing Loss
American Journal of Audiology, Newly Published. doi:10.1044/2016_AJA-16-0047
History: Received April 25, 2016 , Revised July 11, 2016 , Accepted September 16, 2016
 
American Journal of Audiology, Newly Published. doi:10.1044/2016_AJA-16-0047
History: Received April 25, 2016; Revised July 11, 2016; Accepted September 16, 2016

Purpose The Communicative Participation Item Bank (CPIB) was developed to evaluate participation restrictions in communication situations for individuals with speech and language disorders. This study evaluated the potential relevance of CPIB items for individuals with hearing loss.

Method Cognitive interviews were conducted with 17 adults with a range of treated and untreated hearing loss, who responded to 46 items. Interviews were continued until saturation was reached and prevalent trends emerged. A focus group was also conducted with 3 experienced audiologists to seek their views on the CPIB. Analysis of data included qualitative and quantitative approaches.

Results The majority of the items were applicable to individuals with hearing loss; however, 12 items were identified as potentially not relevant. This was largely attributed to the items' focus on speech production rather than hearing. The results from the focus group were in agreement for a majority of items.

Conclusions The next step in validating the CPIB for individuals with hearing loss is a psychometric analysis on a large sample. Possible outcomes could be that the CPIB is considered valid in its entirety or the creation of a new questionnaire or a hearing loss–specific short form with a subset of items is necessary.

Acknowledgments
This research was partially supported by a National Institutes of Health grant (P30DC004661) and the Department of Speech and Hearing Sciences at the University of Washington. The authors thank the participants for their valuable input. We also thank Lauren Kawaguchi and Keito Omokawa for transcribing the interviews and taking notes during sessions.
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