The Influence of Social Support and Coping on Quality of Life Among Elderly With Age-Related Hearing Loss Purpose The consequences of hearing loss hinder the everyday life of older adults and are associated with reduced well-being. The research aim was to explore the influence of hearing problems, various coping strategies, and perceived social support on quality of life. Method Sixty-five older adults with age-related hearing ... Research Article
Research Article  |   June 13, 2017
The Influence of Social Support and Coping on Quality of Life Among Elderly With Age-Related Hearing Loss
 
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Sarah Moser
    Department of Social Medicine and Epidemiology, Medical University of Graz, Austria
  • Wolfgang Luxenberger
    Department of Social Medicine and Epidemiology, Medical University of Graz, Austria
    Department of Medical Psychology and Psychotherapy, Medical University of Graz, Austria
  • Wolfgang Freidl
    Department of Social Medicine and Epidemiology, Medical University of Graz, Austria
  • Disclosure: The authors have declared that no competing interests existed at the time of publication.
    Disclosure: The authors have declared that no competing interests existed at the time of publication. ×
  • Correspondence to Sarah Moser: sarah.moser@fhv.at
  • Editor: Sumitrajit Dhar
    Editor: Sumitrajit Dhar×
  • Associate Editor: Ann Eddins
    Associate Editor: Ann Eddins×
Article Information
Hearing Disorders / Special Populations / Older Adults & Aging / Research Articles
Research Article   |   June 13, 2017
The Influence of Social Support and Coping on Quality of Life Among Elderly With Age-Related Hearing Loss
American Journal of Audiology, June 2017, Vol. 26, 170-179. doi:10.1044/2017_AJA-16-0083
History: Received September 7, 2016 , Revised December 22, 2016 , Accepted February 10, 2017
 
American Journal of Audiology, June 2017, Vol. 26, 170-179. doi:10.1044/2017_AJA-16-0083
History: Received September 7, 2016; Revised December 22, 2016; Accepted February 10, 2017

Purpose The consequences of hearing loss hinder the everyday life of older adults and are associated with reduced well-being. The research aim was to explore the influence of hearing problems, various coping strategies, and perceived social support on quality of life.

Method Sixty-five older adults with age-related hearing loss (≥55 years) in Austria participated and completed a paper–pencil survey with standardized questionnaires: Hearing Handicap Inventory for the Elderly (Ventry and Weinstein, 1982), Assessment for Coping and Stress (Laireiter, 1997), short form of the Social Support Questionnaire (Fydrich, Sommer, Tydecks, & Brähler, 2009), and World Health Organization Quality of Life Scale–Brief Version (World Health Organization, 1996).

Results Quality of life was predicted by perceived social support and the number of comorbid diseases (i.e., the physical, psychological, environmental, and social quality of life was better the greater the extent of perceived social support and poorer the more diseases from which the participants suffered).

Conclusions Perceived social support may be a relevant factor to focus on in auditory rehabilitation programs, in particular, for participants who communicate little support in hearing-related situations and are, hence, at a relative disadvantage. The involvement of significant others in counseling could facilitate the everyday life for older adults with age-related hearing loss and their significant others.

Acknowledgments
We wish to express our sincerest appreciation to the participants. Their voluntary contribution and their provision of personal data in the study was invaluable to us.
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