Self-Stigma and Age-Related Hearing Loss: A Qualitative Study of Stigma Formation and Dimensions Purpose This study explored experiences of self-stigma among older persons with age-related hearing loss (ARHL) using Corrigan's conceptualization of self-stigma process formation and the attribution model as its theoretical framework. Method In-depth semistructured interviews were conducted with 11 older persons (mean age = 81 years) with ARHL. ... Research Article
Newly Published
Research Article  |   January 29, 2018
Self-Stigma and Age-Related Hearing Loss: A Qualitative Study of Stigma Formation and Dimensions
 
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Dana David
    Department of Community Mental Health, University of Haifa, Israel
  • Gil Zoizner
    Kaplan Medical Center, Rehovot, Israel
  • Perla Werner
    Department of Community Mental Health, University of Haifa, Israel
  • Disclosure: The authors have declared that no competing interests existed at the time of publication.
    Disclosure: The authors have declared that no competing interests existed at the time of publication. ×
  • Correspondence to Perla Werner: werner@research.haifa.ac.il
  • Editor-in-Chief: Sumitrajit Dhar
    Editor-in-Chief: Sumitrajit Dhar×
  • Editor: Ann Eddins
    Editor: Ann Eddins×
Article Information
Hearing Disorders / Hearing Aids, Cochlear Implants & Assistive Technology / Special Populations / Older Adults & Aging / Research Issues, Methods & Evidence-Based Practice / Newly Published / Research Article
Research Article   |   January 29, 2018
Self-Stigma and Age-Related Hearing Loss: A Qualitative Study of Stigma Formation and Dimensions
American Journal of Audiology, Newly Published. doi:10.1044/2017_AJA-17-0050
History: Received May 11, 2017 , Revised August 2, 2017 , Accepted October 11, 2017
 
American Journal of Audiology, Newly Published. doi:10.1044/2017_AJA-17-0050
History: Received May 11, 2017; Revised August 2, 2017; Accepted October 11, 2017

Purpose This study explored experiences of self-stigma among older persons with age-related hearing loss (ARHL) using Corrigan's conceptualization of self-stigma process formation and the attribution model as its theoretical framework.

Method In-depth semistructured interviews were conducted with 11 older persons (mean age = 81 years) with ARHL.

Results Self-stigma was present in the lives of the participants. Analysis revealed the existence of 3 stages of self-stigma in which the 3 core dimensions of stigma (cognitive attributions: being old, stupid, and crippled; emotional reactions: shame, pity, and feeling ridiculed; and behavioral reactions: concealment, distancing, and adapting to hearing aids) were observed. Hearing devices emerged as having a significant influence on stigmatic experiences in all stages and dimensions of self-stigma.

Conclusion The study contributes to the theoretical and practical understanding of self-stigma regarding ARHL as well as to the understanding of the role of hearing devices in the development of this stigma.

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